A hair transplant is a procedure in which a cosmetic surgeon moves hair to a bald area of the head. Dr. Chauhan usually moves hair from the back or side of the head to the front or top of the head.
Hair transplants are typically done under local anesthesia and as a day-care procedure. Pattern baldness is responsible for the majority of hair loss. This comes down to genetics. The remaining cases are due to a variety of factors, including:
- hormonal imbalance
- other unknown reasons
Are there different types of hair transplants?
There are two types of transplant procedures:
- Strip Method(FUT)- In this, the skin along with hairs is taken form donor area i.e. back of the head and folicular hair units are manually cut under magnification by skilled persons and the donor site bears stiches which are removed after healing. The advantage is large number of hairs can be taken per square inch of donor site.
The disadvantages are sutures on the head, more pain, permanent scar, damage during handling/cutting of folicles by non-qualified personnel. Long recovery period, suture removal after two weeks.
- FUE - In this, the folicular hair units are directly taken from the donor site by a surgeon using specialized tools. The advantages are minimal chance of damage to hair root, large donor areas including the both temporal and occipetal areas, no permanent scar, negligible pain and the best part is other body areas including Beard, Moustaches, chest, axilla or pubic areas can be used.
Folicular Unit Grafts usually contain 1,2 or 3 hair roots per graft, depending on the amount of coverage and specific requirements of recipient site.
Who might benefit from a hair transplant?
Receiving a hair transplant can improve your appearance and self-confidence. Good candidates for a hair transplant include:
anyone who wishes to have more density and youthful appearance of hairs,
- men with male pattern baldness
- women with thinning hair
- anyone who has lost some hair from a burn or scalp injury
Hair Transplant For Women:
Females also have baldness and thinning of hair. Baldness especially the androgenic alopecia is common among females. Thinning of hair and bald spots are common in post menopausal females. This causes a lot of stress and affects their emotional well-being.
The potential cause of female pattern balness are emotional/physical stress, certain medicines and medical conditions.
Androgenic Alpecia is hereditary and the thinning of hair and widening of parting line is there to start with.
Preventive Tips For Female Alopecia:
- Include essential vitamins, iron supplements and proteins in diet.
- minimal straightening, hair extension and perming.
- avoid brushing wet hairs, use fingers instead of de-tangle or wait for them to dry naturally.
We always start the hair transplant process with a consultation - information meeting. This can be arranged at our clinic (after appointment).
During this consultation we will investigate the possibilities of a FUE hair transplantion. If you are eligible for a transplant, we will discuss with you how the treatment works. You also have plenty of room to ask any questions.
Our advice is to make a list in advance with questions or ambiguities. This way you will know exactly what to expect at the interview.
What happens during a hair transplant?
After thoroughly cleaning your scalp, the surgeon uses a small needle to numb an area of your head with local anesthesia. Two main techniques are used to obtain follicles for transplantation: FUT and FUE.
In follicular unit transplantation (FUT):
- Surgeon uses a scalpel to cut out a strip of scalp skin from the back of the head. The incision is typically several inches long.
- This is then closed with stitches.
- Surgeon then separates the removed portion of scalp into small sections using a magnifying loops and sharp surgical knife. When implanted, these sections will help achieve natural-looking hair growth.
In follicular unit extraction (FUE):
The hair follicles are cut out directly from the back of the head through tiny punches(0.8mm - 0.9mm) using specialized tools.
Dr. Chauhan makes tiny holes with a needle in the area of your scalp that’s receiving the hair transplant then gently place hairs in these holes.
During one treatment session, surgeon may transplant 2 to 4 thousands of hairs.
After, the graft, antibiotic cream and then gauze and bandages will cover your scalp for a few days.
A hair transplant session can take four to eight hours or more.
If required, a single mega session(more than 6000 hairs) or two separate sessions may be planned to achieve the full head of hair you desire.
What happens after a hair transplant?
You may need to take medications following hair transplant surgery, such as:
- pain medication
- antibiotics to reduce your risk of infection
- anti-inflammatory medications to keep swelling down
Most people can return to work few days after surgery.
It’s normal for some of the transplanted hair to fall out two to three weeks after the procedure. This makes way for new hair growth. Most people will see some amount of new hair growth 3 to 4 months after surgery.
The Doctor will prescribe local spray or massage of minoxidil and the hair growth medication finasteride spray to improve hair regrowth. These medications also help slow or stop future hair loss.
The one thing you should remember
Homework is critical. Your results, the amount you spend and how much better you feel after your hair transplant all depend on doing proper research well in advance. Never rush in to a hair transplant procedure or it will cost you a lot more in the long run, and not just financially.